Labor Support Module on Partners

Partners as part of the Labor Support Team

Learning Outcomes:

  1. Discuss the unique needs and experiences of LGBTQIA birthing people and their partners
  2. Discuss the roles and experiences fathers/partners might have during childbirth

References and Resources

  • The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG)(Reaffirmed 2016). Committee Opinion: Health Care for Lesbians and Bisexual Women. No. 525. Click here.
  • Beck et al. (2013). Traumatic Childbirth. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group: London. Click here.
  • Buchholtz, “Experiences of Lesbian couples during childbirth.” Nursing Outlook, 48, no. 6 (year 2000): 307-11. Click here.
  • Bushe, S. and Romero, I. L. (2017). Lesbian Pregnancy: Care and Considerations. Semin Reprod Med;35(5):420-425. Click here.
  • Chapman (1991). J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 4(4): 21-9. Click here.
  • Cook, S. C., Gunter, K. E. and Lopez, F. Y. (2017). Establishing Effective Health Care Partnerships with Sexual and Gender Minority Patients: Recommendations for Obstetrician Gynecologists. Semin Reprod Med;35(5):397-407. Click here.
  • Leavitt (2009). Make Room for Daddy. Chapel Hill: UNC Press. Click here.
  • Longworth, M. K., et al. ( 2015 ). A narrative review of fathers’ involvement during labour and birth and their influence on decision making.  Click here.
  • Poh et al. “An integrative review of fathers’ experiences during pregnancy and childbirth.” (2001). International Nursing Review 61, 543–554 Click here.
  • Richardson, B., Price, S. and Campbell-Yeo, M. (2019). Redefining Perinatal Experience: A Philosophical Exploration of a Hypothetical Case of Gender-Diversity in Labour and Birth. J Clin Nurs;28(3-4):703-710. Click here. 
  • To learn more about the Federal Hospital Visitation Rule. Click here. For frequently asked questions about the Federal Hospital Visitation Rule. Click here. 
  • Learn more about what it means to be “intersex” from the Intersex Society of North America. Click here.
  • Summary of definitions related to sexual orientation and gender diversity in American Psychological Association (APA) documents. Click here.
  • Educators in academic and clinical institutions can easily access learning materials through online resources, such as here or here, to facilitate educational opportunities for health professionals on overall LGBTQ+ health as well as transgender-specific care needs
  • Evidence Based Birth® statement on Our Use of Inclusive Language. Click here.
  • This student has a really interesting dissertation on the topic of non-birth lesbian mothers– you can download it as a PDF here.