Labor Support Module on Partners

Partners as part of the Labor Support Team

Learning Outcomes:

  1. Discuss the unique needs and experiences of LGBTQIA birthing people and their partners
  2. Discuss the roles and experiences fathers/partners might have during childbirth

References and Resources

  • The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG)(Reaffirmed 2016). Committee Opinion: Health Care for Lesbians and Bisexual Women. No. 525. Click here.
  • Beck et al. (2013). Traumatic Childbirth. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group: London. Click here.
  • Buchholtz, “Experiences of Lesbian couples during childbirth.” Nursing Outlook, 48, no. 6 (year 2000): 307-11. Click here.
  • Bushe, S. and Romero, I. L. (2017). Lesbian Pregnancy: Care and Considerations. Semin Reprod Med;35(5):420-425. Click here.
  • Chapman (1991). J Perinat Neonatal Nurs 4(4): 21-9. Click here.
  • Cook, S. C., Gunter, K. E. and Lopez, F. Y. (2017). Establishing Effective Health Care Partnerships with Sexual and Gender Minority Patients: Recommendations for Obstetrician Gynecologists. Semin Reprod Med;35(5):397-407. Click here.
  • Leavitt (2009). Make Room for Daddy. Chapel Hill: UNC Press. Click here.
  • Longworth, M. K., et al. ( 2015 ). A narrative review of fathers’ involvement during labour and birth and their influence on decision making.  Click here.
  • Poh et al. “An integrative review of fathers’ experiences during pregnancy and childbirth.” (2001). International Nursing Review 61, 543–554 Click here.
  • Richardson, B., Price, S. and Campbell-Yeo, M. (2019). Redefining Perinatal Experience: A Philosophical Exploration of a Hypothetical Case of Gender-Diversity in Labour and Birth. J Clin Nurs;28(3-4):703-710. Click here. 
  • To learn more about the Federal Hospital Visitation Rule. Click here. For frequently asked questions about the Federal Hospital Visitation Rule. Click here. 
  • Learn more about what it means to be “intersex” from the Intersex Society of North America. Click here.
  • Summary of definitions related to sexual orientation and gender diversity in American Psychological Association (APA) documents. Click here.
  • Educators in academic and clinical institutions can easily access learning materials through online resources, such as lavenderhealth.org here or rainbowhealthontario.ca here, to facilitate educational opportunities for health professionals on overall LGBTQ+ health as well as transgender-specific care needs
  • Evidence Based Birth® statement on Our Use of Inclusive Language. Click here.
  • This student has a really interesting dissertation on the topic of non-birth lesbian mothers– you can download it as a PDF here.