Eye Ointment for Newborn Procedures

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References and Resources

  1. Evidence Based Birth® article on Eye Ointment is available here.
  2. If you’re a member, you can download the Eye Ointment PDF here!
  3. American Academy of Pediatrics (2018). In: Kimberlin, D. W., Brady, M. T., Jackson, M. A., eds. Red Book: 2018 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases.
  4. Bourgeois-Nicolaos, N., Lucet, J. C., Daubie, C., et al. (2010). Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 24(5): 488-491. Click here.
  5. Canadian Pediatric Society (2015). Moore DL, MacDonald NE, Infectious Diseases and Immunization Committee. “Preventing ophthalmia neonatorum.” PrevPaediatr Child Health 2015;20:93-6. Click here.
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of Infectious Disease. Antibiotic resistance threats in the United States, 2013. Available here. Accessed June 20, 2017. NOTE: The CDC is working towards releasing an updated AR Threats Report in fall 2019.
  7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of STD Prevention. “STDs during Pregnancy- CDC Fact Sheet” (Detailed). Available here. Accessed June 20, 2017.
  8. Chen, J. Y. (1992). Prophylaxis of ophthalmia neonatorum: comparison of silver nitrate, tetracycline, erythromycin and no prophylaxis. Pediatr Infect Dis J, 11(12), 1026-1030. Click here.
  9. Darling, E. K. and H. McDonald (2010). “A meta-analysis of the efficacy of ocular prophylactic agents used for the prevention of gonococcal and chlamydial ophthalmia neonatorum.” J Midwifery Womens Health 55(4): 319-327. Click here.
  10. Farroni, T., Csibra, G., Simion, F., et al. (2002). Eye contact detection in humans from birth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99(14), 9602–9605. Click here.
  11. Hoyt and Taylor. Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 2013.
  12. Ibhanesebhor, S. E. and Otobo, E. S. (1996). In vitro activity of human milk against the causative organisms of ophthalmia neonatorum in Benin City, Nigeria. J Trop Pediatr, 42(6), 327-329. Click here.
  13. Isenberg, S. J., Apt, L., & Wood, M. (1995). A controlled trial of povidone-iodine as prophylaxis against ophthalmia neonatorum. N Engl J Med, 332(9), 562-566. Click here.
  14. Kapoor, V. S., Whyte, R., Vedula, S. S. (2016). Protocol: Interventions for preventing ophthalmia neonatorum. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD001862. Click here.
  15. Leshem, E., Maayan-Metzger, A., Rahav, G., et al. (2012). Transmission of Staphylococcus aureus from mothers to newborns. Pediatr Infect Dis J; 31(4):360-3. Click here.
  16. Lund, R. J., Kibel, M. A., Knight, G. J., et al. (1987). Prophylaxis against gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. A prospective study. S Afr Med J, 72(9), 620-622. Click here. 
  17. Medves, J. M. (2002). “Three infant care interventions: reconsidering the evidence.” J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 31(5): 563-569. Click here.
  18. Schaller, U. C. and V. Klauss (2001). “Is Crede’s prophylaxis for ophthalmia neonatorum still valid?” Bulletins of the World Health Organization 79(3): 262-263. Click here.
  19. View the USPSTF, 2018 draft statement here.